According to the World Bank, as much as 80 per cent of India is yet to be connected to the Internet. This large population of unconnected Indians largely live in rural and remote locations of India, where mainstream Internet Service Providers see little benefit in making available their services. It is in these areas that Digital Empowerment Foundation deploys its Wireless for Communities programme, an initiative with the Internet Society and Ford Foundation, that involves utilisation of unlicensed spectrum through frugal technology.

Wireless for Communities is now in its Phase VII. In this phase, we have connected the Little Rann of Kutch via project Zero Connect and the slums of Hyderabad via project Safa Network. We are now motivated to connect the rest.


Internet in a Box is a unique concept that offers Internet in a box, literally.

By means of putting a complete localized user manual along with wireless equipment, radio, antenna, devices for measuring line of site, modems, accessories and toolkit to enable the use unlicensed spectrum packed in a physical box. The Internet in a Box can be used and installed by anyone and in any location.

Internet in a Box is an innovative and cost-effective concept designed by Digital Empowerment Foundation (DEF) that intends to bring into market a plug-and-play configurable networking solution for deploying a wireless network to people in pre-defined small-range coverage areas.

The box comes designed with built-in equipment and technology — including ethernet cables, relay cables, modems, connectors and user manuals — to deliver Internet connectivity at the last mile and, subsequently, promote adoption of the Internet for digital services related to information and entitlements, primarily in the area of livelihood, education and entertainment.


Internet in a Box is a concept that has been designed to provide Internet connectivity in regions where its people are yet to go online and leverage the benefits of the Internet. DEF believes that the Internet is not the ultimate goal, rather it is the means to achieve the goals (services and opportunities). By deploying Internet in a Box in rural and remote locations of India, DEF aims to:

  • Provide last mile connectivity in areas where mainstream ISPs are missing
  • Improve access to digital services, citizen services and government schemes
  • Promote local communication channels for better community engagement
  • Introduce rural entrepreneurship models based on community networks
  • Promote the concept of sustainable community networks for rural connectivity
  • Improved educational and livelihood opportunities
  • Better health care and telemedicine services
  • Improved access to micro-finance and eBanking services
  • Encourage rural populations to become consumers and producers of content online


Current solutions in the market are fixed or non-flexible in nature. They are also complicated solutions that require individuals to have advanced and rigourous training in network management and deployment. Internet in a Box, on the other hand, comes with a DIY manual so that users, with moderate knowledge in networking, can teach themselves how to operate the box to provide Internet connectivity to communities. Unlike several available solutions, the simple plug-and-play set up comes with a self-sufficient graphical guide. Once setup, minimal maintenance is required, and OTP-based AAA authentication via radial server will allow users to easily login to the system, without the need of complicated procedures. Yet, in case of assistance, customer service for deployment and troubleshooting is provided to rural network operators by DEF, telephonically or via site visits.

Internet in a Box is fitted, as expected, into a suitcase-box, which comes fixed with a trolley mechanism for easy mobility. Made of aluminum, the lightweight unit is divided into four sections to hold the tripod and hotspot printer (to print receipt of Internet vouchers); the charger controller; the batteries; and the router, antenna (5.8 GHz and 2.4 GHz) and other equipment. A solar panel on the top of the box unit is fitted for the purpose of charging the batteries.

Note: The 5.8GHz antenna provides connectivity in a radius of 360 degree in a range of 3-4 kilometre; while 2.4 GHz antenna provide connectivity in a radius of 240 degree in the range of 3-4 kilometres.


At present, a prototype of Internet in a Box is in a pilot phase for six months in Ananthpur, Andhra Pradesh, a telecom dark region of India. This phase has been supported by Goldman Sachs. In this phase, DEF has provided a group of young community members with basic networking knowledge to set up, configure and troubleshoot a wireless network. With an aim to utilise Internet in a Box as an entrepreneurial opportunity, further training and refreshers programmes will be organised for these members to develop skills in digital and Internet literacy, and to leverage the Internet for information and digital services-based livelihoods.

For more information about the project, please contact Ritu Srivastava at

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Internet in a Box is ideated, conceptualised and designed under the Wireless for Communities programme of
Digital Empowerment Foundation & Internet Society supported by Goldman Sachs.